Since well before the Vietnam War, Southeast Asian migrants have faced racism, targeted immigration enforcement, and denial of their basic human rights.
Since the mid-1990s, the U.S. has issued final orders of removal to about 16,000 Southeast Asian refugees.
“We were the first generation of Southeast Asian refugees to grow up in a country that hated us.
In Southeast Asian communities, gangs provided a sense of community for poor youth growing up with few resources.
Within the Southeast Asian community, deportations were viewed as a stigma, a sign that they were being labeled as criminals.