I argue that states pursue imperialism mainly to improve their national economic prosperity.
Colonialism is the most exploitative form of imperialism because the colonies have no sovereign control.
But even during their colonial period, the British were also very active in establishing informal empires—with China, the Ottoman Empire, and Latin America.
Has British and American “soft” imperialism now ended?
China is now moving into Africa and Latin America and very much following the British and American patterns.