That whites, generally, fare much better in societies than ethnic and racial minorities is explained through an ideology of meritocracy that rewards white people’s supposedly superior ingenuity and motivation.
Settler colonialism differed from colonialism in general in that the colonizer opted to make the colonized lands their lands.
In each case, migration is part of a broader global economic and political context of imperialism, colonialism, environmental racism, and so on.
Consider, for example, that jobs in the United States are highly classed, raced, and gendered.
Women of color in this pandemic are at higher risk across the world and in the United States.