But we won’t get close to that understanding if we keep confusing fascism, the historical phenomenon, with fascism, the political label.
If you grew up as I did, in the United States after the Second World War, everyone seemed to be an anti-fascist, at least at first.
And it’s been 30 years since 1990, when the relatively stable Cold War world order, ruled by the two superpowers, broke up with the dissolution of the Soviet bloc.
Fascism was not fully vanquished by the military victories of World War II alone.
The substance, then, of fascism, but also of anti-fascism, is what mattered about fascism—not the label of “fascism” that obsesses so many people and dominates our politics today.