The cases reflect a growing tension in the United States between civil rights advocates opposing discrimination and religious groups seeking the right to operate according to their spiritual beliefs.
The nation’s top court is set to wade into the escalating conflict between gay rights and religious freedom as well.
In January, Tennessee became the 11th state to pass a bill which protects the right of religious groups to deny adoption and fostering to LGBT+ families.
For religious groups, the question is not whether gay men and lesbians are fit to be parents, but rather their religious objection to homosexual unions in the first place.
“You start with adoption and foster care and you build out from there to restaurants, hotels,” said Katherine Franke, director of the Center for Gender and Sexuality Law at Columbia University.