And many of them lay the blame for this growing crisis on the digitization and centralization of the adoption system in a complex nation like India.
“Most of the disruptions happening are in the case of older children,” says Deepak Kumar, CEO of CARA.
For older children, adoption is often a particularly traumatic separation from their caregivers and friends at their institution.
“They stop trusting that a person can care for them.”Children with special needs are also particularly vulnerable — they constitute 1 in 4 returned children.
“Even if we find a family for 100 older children and 20 return, at least we have found families for 80 children,” he says.