According to Erika Lee’s “The Making of Asian America,” published to coincide with the fiftieth anniversary of the Immigration and Nationality Act, signed into law on October 3, 1965, this swarm of circumstances undid Bagai.
If Asian America exists, it is because of systemic racism.
Asian America began in desperation.
(Some Asian women were hired as indentured servants, too, mostly in an attempt to pacify the men.)
In 1871, in the largest mass lynching in American history, seventeen Chinese men were murdered by a mob of five hundred, in Los Angeles.