75 Years Ago: The Surrender of Japan and the End of World War IIU.S. Third Fleet ships steaming off Tokyo Bay before entering for the occupation of Japan, August 1945 (USN 80-G-472620) By Carsten Fries 09-02-2020 01:33:08The spring of 1945 found the Japanese Empire in a desperate situation.
The successful U.S. invasions of Iwo Jima in February and Okinawa in April had brought the Pacific War to the Japanese Home Islands’ doorsteps.
Allied Invasion PlanningAllied war aims in regard to Japan, which were reiterated at numerious strategic planning conferences, had one goal: the enemy’s unconditional surrender.
Specific terms include the loss of all Japanese territories outside the Home Islands, complete disarmament, and Allied occupation of Japan.
8 August: The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria the following day.