Their employment supplemented the seasonal and often inadequate earnings of black male industrial workers.
Detroit’s A. Krolik Garment Company not only hired its first black women, but soon developed an all-black female workforce.
The precarious place of black women in the urban industrial economy also reinforced their ties to the informal urban economy, including the sex trade.
But the growing policing, arrest, and harassment of black women in the sex trade added another highly gendered component to the coercive dimensions of the proletarianization process.
Thus, similar to African-American men, black women occupied the cellar of the industrial workforce.