There are 178 more Nepali children adopted internationally than the government has records for.
The mismatch is even starker for France, for which government records here show only one adopted Nepali child, but the HCCH records 21 Nepali children adopted by French families.
The fact that 91 Nepali children adopted by Americans have no records in Nepal prove that they were transported outside of legal channels.
All these legal provisions make inter-country child adoption so strict that it is inconceivable that such adoptions take place without the knowledge of several government agencies.
An NHRC report on Trafficking in Persons 2019 points to a nexus between orphanages, child-care centres and foreigners wishing to adopt children.