In the specific case of South Africa, this results in a sub-imperial/anti-imperial dialectic full of extreme rhetoric and uneasy multilateral alliances.
 However, South African xenophobic populism – against African immigrants – is just as virulent a strain as that found in Italy’s current government.
Europeans have been central to these South African interfaces of state, business, and social organizations.
Moody’s : https://www.fitchratings.com/ Moody’s was clamping down with an anticipated ‘junk’ rating on South African securities in late March 2020.
(Furlonger 2020)This example reflects the profound differential in the relative value of protecting worker lives, between Europe and South Africa.