The pandemic’s effect on marginalized racial, ethnic and religious communities was exacerbated by—while concurrently worsening—minority socioeconomic status, health conditions, living conditions and related inequities.
And since the 2016 presidential election, for instance, hate crimes against the Latinx community have increased by more than 50%.
Further, anti-Black hate crimes make up approximately 47% of all race- or ethnicity-based hate crimes even though the minority community comprises only 13% of the population.
While some states have not yet enacted hate crimes statutes, the ones that have do not treat such crimes consistently.
Still, from the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 to the recent Muslim and African bans, barring racial, ethnic and cultural minorities is not particularly innovative.