In Indonesia, Japanese Army administrators allowed Republican activists to declare independence shortly after the Japanese surrender to the United States.
Nationalist forces had suffered badly from the war against Japan, but nevertheless had conventional advantages against the Communists.
Thus, the map of East Asia continues to display the scars of World War II.
The existence of two Koreas and two Chinas stems directly from the unfinished conflicts of the Second World War, as did the war that resulted in the unification of Vietnam.
In this context, it’s hardly surprising that the wounds of World War II remain so vivid in East Asia; the war lasted a very long time, and ended only recently.